Georgenburg is one of the oldest buildings on Königstein. In the Middle Ages, it served as a Bohemian border castle, where even Emperor Charles IV stayed at times. In the 15th century, it came under the ownership of the Margraves of Meissen, thus becoming permanently part of Saxony.
When Elector Christian I ordered the expansion of Königstein into a fortress, the old castle was incorporated into this complex. The building underwent several alterations and uses from a representative Elector's Renaissance residence to functioning as a state prison, and later as a residential and administrative building.
Traces of these different eras are still visible on the building today and are the subject of the exhibition.